Dr. Jack L. Arnold Equipping
Pastors International Genesis
Joseph: Man of Wisdom and of God
A. The life of Joseph needs to be studied so that the true
believer can see how God providentially deals in the lives of His own. Every
believer has the promise of GodÕs providential care (Rom. 8:20).
B. The life of Joseph needs to be studied so true believers can
pattern their lives after Joseph, who knew how to trust God in crisis and
prosperity. All Old Testament history was written for the edification of
the Christian (Rom. 15:4).
II. JOSEPH: MAN OF WISDOM 44:1-34
A. Joseph Conceals His Identity (44:1-4). JosephÕs brothers had come the second
time to Egypt to buy food, bringing Benjamin with them. Joseph orders that
their sacks be filled with provisions but that in BenjaminÕs sack he purposely
had his special silver-drinking cup hidden. JosephÕs plan is to falsely accuse
them to test their reactions.
B. Joseph Has His Brothers Arrested and They Plead Innocent
(44:5-9). The brothers pleaded
with the servant and said that they had stolen no cup. They were confident
that none had done this thing and believed that, if any of them were guilty,
the thief should die and the rest made slaves. NOTE. It says that Joseph had the power of divination (44:5) and
he claims this power (44:15). This was a form of pagan witchcraft and sorcery,
whereby a person could prognosticate or foretell the future. Joseph had the
reputation as one who could tell the future, but he received his power from
God, not demons. JosephÕs Egyptian name meant Òrevealer of secretsÓ and most
likely the Egyptians were of the opinion that Joseph was a fortune teller like
their pagan wise men, but JosephÕs ability to prognosticate came from God
C. JosephÕs Cup Found in BenjaminÕs Sack
(44:10-15). Upon discovering the
cup in BenjaminÕs sack, all the brothers rent their clothes out of grief and
righteous indignation. NOTE.
JosephÕs plan was to test his brothers to see if they would display
distrust and turn away from Benjamin as they did Joseph in his early years.
Would they sacrifice Benjamin for their own safety?
D. JudahÕs Plea to Joseph (44:16-34). Judah was the spokesman for the whole
group (44:16). He made an eloquent defense in BenjaminÕs behalf and offered
himself in place of Benjamin as JosephÕs slave (44:33). Judah, who just a few
years before, was unconcerned about the feelings of his father, was now
concerned and knew that Jacob would die if anything should happen to Benjamin
(44:29-31, 34). NOTE. Grace and time had changed the
characters of Judah and his brothers. They were now willing to pull together
and they stood together in BenjaminÕs behalf. They were learning about love
III. JOSEPH: MAN OF GOD 45:1-28
A. Joseph Reveals His Identity to His Brothers
(45:1-4). The eloquent plea of
Judah, which apparently was the expression of all the brothers, moved Joseph to
tears and he was overwhelmed with emotion. The brothers being fully tested,
Joseph had no reason to conceal his identity any longer.
1. Joseph was a man of compassion and knew
how to weep. He wept in the privacy of his family and did not make it an
outward display. While all Egyptians were removed from the room, they heard
Joseph weeping (45:2).
2. JosephÕs first words to them were, ÒDoth
my father yet live?Ó He was always concerned about others and had deep love for
his father who loved him. NOTE. Real love is something people never
3. The brothers were terrified. They were
confused with grief in the emotion of the situation, and simply speechless
(44:3). Joseph in a tactful way reminds them that he was the one they sold into
Egypt, but he was in no way bitter against them (cf. Rom. 12:19-21).
B. Joseph Gives the Glory to God (45:5-8)
1. Joseph told his brothers not to operate
under a guilt complex for what they had done to him, for God had
sent him to Egypt
(45:5). What they had meant for evil God had meant for good (50:20). God had permitted
all these happenings for purpose.
NOTE. Notice how Joseph gives the
glory to God: God sent me
(45:4, 7-8); God made me lord of all Egypt (45:9);
God did this to preserve you (45:5, 7). NOTE. Joseph
was a man of God and God was in all of his thoughts (cf.
39:9; 41:16; 50:20). Joseph had learned that
all that he was and had was due to the grace of God (1 Cor. 15:10).
2. The words ÒGod sent me before you to
preserve you a posterity in the earthÓ (45:7) are significant, for it shows
JosephÕs belief in the Abrahamic Covenant. Joseph predicted that God would
bring JacobÕs family back to the Promised Land 50:24-25). He showed his
personal faith that there would be a future in that land by asking that his
bones be carried back to the land and the children of Israel never forgot that
request (Exo. 13:19; Josh. 24:32).
C. Joseph Tells His Brothers to Return With Their Father to
Egypt (45:9-15): The brothers were to return to Canaan and tell Jacob of
all of JosephÕs glory in Egypt (45:13) and then return to Egypt with Jacob to
avoid the yet five years of famine. NOTE. Joseph, a powerful and famous man,
was not ashamed of his father, who at that time practically had nothing.
However, Joseph knew that in GodÕs eyes Jacob was greater than he because Jacob
was Israel, GodÕs chosen to carry out the making of the Hebrew nation.
D. Pharaoh Extends an Invitation to Jacob and His Family
(45:16-20). Pharaoh received
the news that Joseph had found his brothers and father, and invites them to
make their home in Egypt. They were not to Òregard their stuffÓ (45:20); that
is, they were not to have any anxiety about the property they were leaving
behind, since everything in Egypt would be at their disposal.
E. JosephÕs Brothers Bring the Good News to Jacob
(45:21-28). Joseph gave the
brothers many wagons and provisions and they went on the way. The brothers came
to Canaan and told their father that Joseph was alive. At first, Jacob did not
believe it. Jacob had to hear the whole story, and when he saw the wagons he believed
it. Jacob was never very good at believing without seeing; therefore, God
impressed him with the wagons. JacobÕs spirit was revived. He received a new
lease on life. Jacob covenanted to see his son before he died. NOTE. Just a few months before Jacob was so
depressed he was ready to die (42:36) but now that he comprehends the plan of
God he is exuberantly happy with a new will to live. When things seem very
black it is usually just a short while and the sun will come shining in. We
must believe that God is in control of all things, even in the time of crisis.
NOTE. Jacob thought that he would
return to Canaan after he saw Joseph. Little did he know that the children of
Israel would stay in Egypt for 400 years? God was preserving the nation of
Israel but Jacob did not understand it as such, for no human being knows the
future. God alone knows it, for
His plan is perfect. How significant it is that our actions are left perfectly free,
and yet all the while we may be unconsciously accomplishing the great and
far-reaching purposes of Divine providence.