Dr. Jack L. Arnold Equipping
Pastors International Genesis
Are Adam And Eve For Real?
I. GOD’S REST 2:1-3
A. God finished His creation and rested. Since God does not
tire physically, this means He ceased or desisted from His creative activity.
NOTE: this section is part of chapter one, for it deals chronologically with
B. God did not stop creation because he was fatigued but
because He was through. Man was the zenith of God’s creation and God rested;
there has been no creation since that time. Man was the last effort of God in
creation on the physical level.
C. God set aside the Sabbath (meaning rest or seven) as a special
day and there is a sense in which the Sabbath continues even today, for God’s
physical creation has ceased forever. Israel was called to remember the Sabbath
and keep it holy (Ex. 20). Israel’s keeping of the Sabbath was a type of
spiritual rest for the Church (cf. Col. 2:13; Heb. 4:9-10). NOTE: The Church
has a Christian Sabbath under the New Covenant and it is called the Lord’s Day,
Sunday the first day of the week when Christ rose from the dead (Rev. 1:10 cf
Acts 20:7; 1 Cor. 16:1-3).
II. MAN’S RELIGIOUS BEGINNINGS 2:4
A. “These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth”
undoubtedly go with what follows concerning man rather than to what has
preceded concerning creation in general. Now God is going to concentrate our
attention on man and his relation to God. This is the beginning of man’s
B. Satan has tried his utmost to discredit this section of
Scripture in the minds of men. He will do his best to get men to reject Adam
and Eve as historical persons. Satan has used two basic approaches to destroy
man’s confidence in real God: (1) destroy man’s confidence in the integrity of
the Bible, and (2) destroy man’s confidence in the historicity of the Bible.
1. Two Creation Accounts. The higher critics teach that Genesis 1
and 2 are two different and contradictory accounts of creation. This is related
to the Wellhausen Theory on the authorship of the five books of the Pentateuch.
They say that the first five books of the Old Testament were not written by
Moses but are simply a compilation of stories, legends, tales, etc., gathered
over centuries and put together by one or more scholars called redactors who
lived as late as 500 years before Christ. This is some times called the
Theory for the Pentateuch can be traced to four main documents: The “J”
document is characterized by name Jehovah (850 B.C.); the “E” document
uses Elohim (750 B.C.); Deuteronomy is identified by “D” (721 B.C.); and
the “P” (500 B.C.) points to the priestly code of Leviticus. POINT: These liberals
hold to the belief that there are two creation accounts for the following
a. Different names for God. In Genesis 1 the title “God” (Eloheim)
is used and the title Jehovah is never used. In Genesis chapter 2 the title
Lord God (Jehovah Eloheim) is used. Therefore they conclude that document “E”
was used in Genesis 1 and document “J” was used in Genesis 2. ANSWER: There is
a divine reason for changing the name of deity in the two chapters.
Eloheim speaks of the powerful God who creates and Genesis 1 is all about God’s
creating activity; He is the Creator. But in Genesis 2, God is focusing His
attention on man and His relationship to him. The title Jehovah speaks of a
covenant-making God, who keeps His promises with His people.
b. Order of events. The chronological order of creation in
Genesis 2 is man, vegetation, animals and woman, and this is contradictory with
Genesis 1; therefore there is contradiction. ANSWER: Genesis I was not designed
by God to be chronological for it gives us supplemental material on the
creation of man as it relates to his religious responsibilities to God.
c. Different styles. There is some
different vocabulary and different styles in Genesis 1 and 2. Thus there must
be at least more than one writer. ANSWER: The difference in style is to be
explained upon the basis of a difference in subject matter and in manner and
concepts of God. In Genesis 2
God is said to be conceived anthropomorphically
(describing God by acts that men do) whereas in the first chapter this is not
the case. In the second chapter God fashions, plants, talks, breathes, builds,
and walks. Yet in Genesis 1, God is majestic Creator who by the word of His
mouth brings into existence that which He desires. ANSWER: There are many
conceptions of God in Genesis 1 that are also anthropomorphic. God is
represented as saying, seeing, dividing, calling, blessing and resting.
subject matter. Genesis 1 and 2 have different subject matter. ANSWER: This is true and there is a purpose
in it. The title “these are the generations of the heavens and the earth”
refers to the things generated or begotten of the heaven and the earth; that
is, man, thus Genesis 2 is supplementary and complementary to Genesis 1 on the
creation of man.
f. Conclusion. The Wellhausen Theory (Documentary
Theory) does not have support and has been abandoned by some liberals today,
for it cannot be sustained by the facts. Many liberals still hold to it out of
ignorance or pride. NOTE: If Genesis 1 and 2 present conflicting views, it is
strange that the so-called redactor, whoever he may have been, did not notice
any discrepancies. Apparently also, no one else noticed any until the advent of
“criticism” in the 18th century.
2. The Myth of Adam and Eve. A more popular view today is that Adam
and Eve were simply myths but were never historical persons who lived in time.
The story of Adam and Eve gives us real truth without real fact; that is, we
can learn much about ourselves through this story of Adam. Whoever the writer
or writers of Genesis 1-3 were, they were attempting to convey to us great and
mighty truths through the language of myth. There was no literal tree in a
literal garden; no actual beings named Adam and Eve.
And, of course, there was no talking serpent or forbidden fruit. POINT: It is much like the concept of
Santa Claus. Everyone today knows that there is no real Santa Claus, but the
idea behind Santa Claus--cheerfulness, fun, reward for good behavior and
kindness -- are all true. If we forget the myth of Santa Claus, we still have
left a core of truth which is conveyed to us by this
story. This type of thinking is
a. Who determines what is myth and what
is not? Where does myth end and history begin? If Adam and Eve are a myth
then so is Cain and Abel. Then what about Noah and the Flood? Can the same be
said for Abraham, Isaac and Jacob? This is pure speculation and subjectivity.
NOTE: Most liberals explain away the miraculous by using myths. Then is this to
be carried over into the New Testament? What about the Virgin Birth,
Incarnation or Second Advent? Once one admits that Adam and Eve are not
historical persons but mythical people, there is no stopping in one’s
b. The testimony of Christ. Jesus Christ acknowledged the
historical reality of Adam and Eve (Matt. 19:4). To reject Adam and Eve is
tantamount to rejecting Jesus Christ.
c. The testimony of Paul. The apostle Paul accepted Adam and Eve
as real persons (cf. Rom. 5:12ff).
d. Destructive to Scripture. Men have invented myths so they
could deny the miraculous and hold to evolution. But if the evolutionists are
right, then there is no Adam and Eve, no Fall, no sin, and ultimately no Savior
or salvation. NOTE: The historicity of Genesis 1-3 is essential to right
e. Christians are warned to avoid myths. Any type of myth has
been rejected by the historic church (1 Tim. 1:4; 4:7; Titus 1:14;
2 Pet. 1:16--the word “fable” means “myth”). We are warned that in the last
days there will be much mythology inside the professing church 2 Tim. 4:4).