Dr. Jack L. Arnold Equipping
Pastors International Genesis
The Creation Of Animal Life
A. The fifth and sixth days of creation deal with God’s
creation of all animals (sea and land). A direct act of creation can only
accurately account for the animal world as we know it.
B. Because of the first four days of creation, all that was
necessary for animal life--water, air, light, plants, and the chemical
materials of earth——was now available.
II. THE BIBLICAL ACCOUNT ON THE CREATION OF ANIMALS
A. The statement, “Let the waters bring forth abundantly the
moving creatures” (v. 20), may imply that God used water as a mediating agent
in creating marine life1 but literally in the Hebrew this says, “Let the waters
swarm with swarmers, and let the flyers fly above the earth.”
B. God created (bara) animal life out of nothing; that is
there was no connection with any pre-existing materials. This verse clearly
states that animal life did not evolve from lifeless matter. It also states
that creation of all animals (sea, air and land) was immediate and completed
NOTE: It is interesting that this is also what the fossil records suggest. One
of the many puzzles to scientists has been the total absence of missing
links, intermediary bodies, between inorganic matter and the first appearance
of life, as well as between the earliest forms of life and some of the more
complex structures we know today. The fascinating thing is that, according
to the fossil record, life in the seas appears suddenly and fully developed.
The major divisions of animal life as we know them except vertebrates, appear
nearly simultaneously very early in the fossil records. The crustaceans (shell
fish such as lobsters, shrimps, crabs, barnacles, etc.), for instance, only
vary slightly from those we know today. This phenomena
is in accord with the Genesis record which says that God produced all marine
C. In verse 21, it states that “God
created great whales” (sea monsters). Literally this means “long-extended
things.” NOTE: It is quite possible that this refers to reptile monsters, which
may have been amphibious such as the dinosaur. This, of course, is only
speculation. NOTE: The creating of sea monsters is very difficult for the
evolutionists to handle, for he says that all things evolved from a single cell,, from the simple to the complex. But God picks out sea
monsters, very complex creatures, as an example of His creation.
D. Verses 20 and 24 both speak of living creatures. Living
creatures is a translation of a single Hebrew word, nephesh, which means
soul. Here we have the first appearance of creatures with souls. Animals
have souls and it is the soul that marks the difference between animal and
plant life. The three factors of a soul are:
the rational, the emotional and the volitional. Animals are distinct from plants
because they can feel, think and decide to some degree.
E. The creation of the various types of animals was “after
their own kind.” Each family division of animals had its own skin, blood,
genetic makeup, etc., so that there could be no interbreeding between kinds.
F. God put his blessing upon the creation of the animal world (“it
was good”) and His blessing seems to be linked somehow with the function of
sex, for He says, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth.” NOTE: Plants
also reproduce, but it is without the qualities of volition arid emotion. Yet, there is in the animal kingdom the
addition of desire and choice to the function of sex, and this seems to be the
meaning of God’s blessing.
SUPPORT FOR SPECIAL CREATION OP ANIMALS
Modern biology tells us that there can be no interbreeding of major
divisions, families (sometimes referred to as species), in the animal world.
The result of interbreeding is a hybrid, which is generally sterile. NOTE:
There may be variation within kind but no crossing of kinds. There are hundreds of types of dogs and
horses, but no one has been able to cross a dog and a horse
B. Animal Instincts. Every animal is not only equipped with its own structure and
form but is also provided with an instinct suitable to its own mode of life:
birds build nests, migrate thousands of miles; the wasp knows the exact place
to sting the caterpillar so as to paralyze it; and the grunion knows just when
to deposit its eggs on the beaches of California at the exact same time each
year. Where did animals get instincts? Not from evolution, but from God!
C. The Dinosaurs. Dinosaurs were huge creatures that
roamed the earth in its early history. Neither the evolutionists nor the
creationists have a complete answer to their extinction. It is quite possible
that these monsters were able to live when there was much vegetation on the
earth but became extinct because of lack of food. Some have suggested that they
went extinct by volcanic upheavals, eating of dinosaur eggs by increasing
numbers of mammals or some sort of dinosaur disease epidemic. NOTE: There seems
to be a mystery as well in connection with the great dinosaur graveyards found
in various parts of the world. The entombment of such numbers of such great
creatures literally demands some form of catastrophic action. Perhaps these
great monsters were destroyed in the worldwide flood of old.
EVOLUTIONARY THEORY REFUTED
A. Definition Of Evolution. Organic evolution states that life originated through
spontaneous generation from non-living material, and that all living things
developed from lower forms of life (single-celled organisms). It took millions
of years for this to happen.
B. Order of Evolution. The evolutionists attempt to arrange organisms in a graded
system from the most simple to the most complex (from the lowest to the
highest). He arranges them in the following order: amoeba (single-celled
animal), hydra (multicellular), three layered worm, amphioxus, fish, amphibian,
reptile, lower mammals and high mammals (man).
1. Comparative Anatomy. Upon a study of anatomy a person
realizes that there is similarity among animals in bones, muscles, arteries,
veins, etc. Certain animals resemble others and a supposed logical order is set
up. OBJECTIONS: (1)Similarity is probably due to
function and purpose; (2) Similarity is more likely to prove the fact of one
great Architect (God), who had in mind one great pattern which He used while
making His natural species with such modifications as were necessary for
their different conditions of life. ILLUSTRATION: A table and a chair have many
similarities but each is different for their specific function. It would be
illogical to conclude that the table evolved from the chair.
2. Vestigial Organs. Some animals have organs that appear to
be useless while the same type of organ may be quite functional in other kinds
of animals, The hind limbs and claws of a python are
an example. Why would a snake need claws? The evolutionists would say it was
evolving into another kind of animal. OBJECTION: (1) Scientists now teach that
all parts of an animal’s body do have a function In the case of the python, the
hind limbs act as legs and the claws as a crusher to kill food; (2) This is a
proof for de-evolution, not evolution, for if the evolutionists are right
then they ought to be able to show the development of new organs in animals,
which they cannot do.
3. Embryology. It is claimed by some zoologists that
during the development of an organism from a single cell to the adult form (in
a human being) there is a recapitulation of its racial history. That is, the
embryo develops through the stages of evolution (many cells, fish, reptile,
monkey stages). They think they can detect gills and tails. OBJECTIONS: (1)
This is but natural growth in the unequal development of the embryo; (2)This has been rejected by most authorities in embryology
4. Fossils. Evolutionists feel that by the fossil
record they can prove evolution. T. H. Huxley said, “If evolution has
taken place, there (on the rocks) will its mark be left: if it has not taken
place, there will be its refutation.” OBJECTIONS: (1) The fossil record
actually shows the sudden appearance of all the invertebrates with their
distinct specialization in the Cambrian Era, and the complete absence of
undisputed fossils In the pre-Cambrian rocks; (2)
There are no missing links. In fact, there are embarrassing gaps in the fossil
record. (3) The oldest known fossils of horses, rodents, bats, etc. are still
horses, rodents, and bats. NOTE: The dating of animals, which were supposed to
be pre-historic in character and millions of years old
is very revealing. The Saber-tooth tiger, which was to have lived in the
Pleistocene period and at least five million years old
has now been dated at U.C.L.A. by radio-carbon dating at 28,000 years. The
mammoth bone which was said to be over 20 million years has been dated at
12,000 years and the mastodon (elephant) bones said to be millions of years
have been dated at 11,000 years. POINT: After one hundred years of evolution,
they should have been able to present
missing link but there is no evidence for it.
D. Seven Assumptions of Evolution That Cannot Be Proven
1. The first assumption is that non-living
things gave rise to living material, i.e., spontaneous generation occurred.
2. The second assumption is that
spontaneous generation occurred only once.
3. The third assumption is that viruses,
bacteria, plants and animals are all interrelated.
4. The fourth assumption is that the
Protozoa gave rise to the Metazoa
5. The fifth assumption is that the
various invertebrate phyla are inter-related.
6. The sixth assumption is that the
invertebrates gave rise to the vertebrates.
7. The seventh assumption is that within
the vertebrates the fish gave rise to the amphibia, the amphibia to the
reptiles, and the reptiles to the birds and mammals, Sometimes this is
expressed in other words, i.e., that the modern amphibia and reptiles had a
common ancestral stock, and so on.