Dr. Jack L.
The Apparent Age Theory (Part 2)
A. The Apparent Age theory says that God created the world in
six literal 24-hour solar days, and that the basic facts of geology and
paleontology can be attributed to original creation by apparent age and
B. In a previous lesson (cf. Part 1), it was shown that a
normal interpretation of Scripture gives strong evidence for a creation in six
days of 24-hours. NOTE: Those who believe in verbal-plenary inspiration are
more likely to hold the Apparent Age theory.
II. THE GEOLOGICAL AND BIBLICAL EVIDENCE FOR THE APPARENT AGE
A. Biblical Catastrophism. All geologic discoveries can be explained by biblical
catastrophe seen in (1) the Creation, and (2) the Fall,
and (3) the Flood.
B. Apparent Age. A real creation demands that that substance which has been created must have been created with
an appearance of age. This is confirmed by the scientific principle of energy
conservation, the First Law Thermodynamics, which states that energy, in
its fullest sense, includes everything in the physical and biological universe
and this law essentially affirms that no creation of energy is now taking
place. This creation must have been in the past. Morris states,
To some extent, therefore, the whole world was created
at some time in the past, by processes unknown to us, with an “appearance of
age.” This fact must be given full consideration in the construction of a
geologic history or the use of a geologic chronometer. For instance, the
primeval ocean may already have been saline radioactive minerals may already
have contained daughter elements, light from distant stars may have been
visible on earth at the instant of the creation, and so on, even as Adam was
created as a full grown man (Henry M. Morris, Biblical Catastrophism and
C. Fallacy of Evolution. This can be explained in the
Second Law Thermodynamics, which states that in any closed system, there is
natural increase of disorder and disorganization. Everything tends to wear out,
to grow old, to run down and finally approach the state of death. This law
contradicts evolution, which assumes that everything naturally tends to become
more orderly and highly organized.
D. Biblical Paleontology. The Bible teaches that there
could be no suffering or death until man had sinned, subjecting the whole
creation to a curse Rom. 5:1214; 8:20-22).
Therefore, the fossils of all formerly living animals now found in the earth’s sedimentary rocks must be dated after the Fall. If
this is true, then nothing but a great catastrophe can
explain the fossil-bearing strata.
This catastrophe can be explained by the universal
flood. Morris states,
The Biblical descriptions of the Flood indicate a
tremendous complex of events occurring during the Flood—great destruction
of all forms of life, followed necessarily by extensive burials in great
graveyards of future fossil deposits. An infinite variety of depositional
characteristics could be postulated at various times and places during the
Deluge, often violent but also often relatively quiescent.
In general, however, the depositional sequences of
fossils, in any one vertical column, would tend to be from simple to complex,
with increase in elevation. This order is that of: (1) increasing elevation of
habitat-an ecological zonation; (2) increasing resistance to settling,
because of more complex boundary geometry and lesser specific gravity; and (3)
increasing size and mobility, with consequent ability to postpone inundation
and burial by rising Flood waters. These sequences would of course be
statistical rather than absolute, and would be subject to many exceptions, but
they would certainly represent the dominant trends. And all of this is exactly
what is found in the strata, even though it has been misrepresented by
evolution! (Biblical Catastrophism end Geology)
E. Geologic Implications. Most of the geologic discoveries can be explained by the
1. The world was created with “apparent
2. In Genesis 1:2 the earth was covered
with primeval waters. It seems only reasonable that, even if the earth’s
creation was accomplished in an instantaneous
act, its internal heat and the waters on its face would immediately have begun
to perform works of profound geologic change.
3. On the second, and especially the third
day of creation, there must have been great geologic changes. This process
would have been performed by great erosion and redeposition of surface
materials as the waters flowed down the new basins.
Apparently, the ante-deluvian world was covered by an atmospheric
1:7; 2:5), or an invisible water vapor cloud. Such vast expanse of water vapor would have a great
effect on terrestrial climates and therefore on geologic activity.
5. At the time of the universal Flood this
atmospheric blanket was broken up and it rained for the first time on the
earth, and its great precipitation brought on the Flood. The Flood brought world-wide torrential rains, tremendous erosion, world wide
tectonic and volcanic upheavals, violent wind storms, gigantic waves, etc. With
the Flood came the breaking up of the “fountains of the deep,” vast pockets of
water under the earth. All of these forces pressing against the earth for at
least a year would perform great geologic change.
F. Continental Glaciation. Morris comments,
The Bible indicates that there existed before the
Flood a vast blanket of water vapor around the earth. Among other things, this
thermal canopy would have produced just such a universal warm, pleasant climate
as is indicated for most of the systems of the geologic column Its
precipitation not only was one of the two main causes of the Flood (the other
was the break-up of the “fountains of the deep,” which were probably vast
subterranean waters and magmas previously restricted under great pressure below
the crust), but also would have led to a sudden chilling of the climate and
resultant continental glaciation. (Biblical Catastrophism and Geology).