Dr. Jack L.
A. While creationists reject the evolutionary theory based on
true science and the Bible, it is very important that creationists know what
evolutionists believe and why they believe it.
B. Cosmogony (theories of the creation or origin of the world)
is a problem between creationists and evolutionists. Creationists say that the
world came into existence by a direct act of God. Evolutionists say the world
came about by natural processes. Evolutionists make a distinction between the
origin of the world and the origin of man. Inorganic evolution deals with the beginning of the universe
and our solar system. Organic evolution deals with the beginning of life,
C. Evangelicals should be aware of the teaching of evolution
and be able to refute it if necessary. Christians cannot refute atheistic
evolution if they do not have an intelligent understanding of what is involved
in this theory.
D. The purpose of the next two lessons will be to inform
evangelicals in a general way about the evolutionary theory as it pertains to
cosmogony (inorganic evolution)
II. DEFINITION OF INORGANIC EVOLUTION: Evolution is a theory
that proposes that the origin of the world came about by natural development.
It teaches that the universe and our solar system happened by chance over a
period of billions of years.
III. BEGINNING OF EVOLUTION
A. As far as we can determine, the concept of evolution had its
beginnings about 700 B.C. among the ancient Greeks. Evolution began with Thales
of Miletus (640-546 B.C.) in a very simple scheme. Other Greeks developed the theory but it was made prominent
by Plato (427-347 B.C.) B.C.) and his student Aristotle (384322 B.C.), who
believed “that a purposive force created a primordial mass of living matter
from which all the forms of life from the simplest plants to the most complex
animals evolved.” However the
chief impetus for the evolutionary theory came with the publication of Charles
Darwin’s Origin of Species in 1859. It appears that Darwin’s
evolutionary theory hit at a vulnerable point in history, for the world
was becoming more secular and was ready to accept anything but a Christian
solution to origins.
B. Evolution is not a new theory. In fact, it can be found in
varying forms among the most primitive tribes today. This indicates that
evolution is a product of man’s unaided reasoning. NOTE: Nowhere in all ancient
literature, except in the Bible, is the idea of creation ex nihilo set
IV. PRESUPPOSITIONS OF EVOLUTION
A. Time. Given enough time anything can happen;
therefore evolutionists think in terms of millions and even billions of years.
An evolutionist must have time to make his system work.
B. Naturalism. Evolutionists begin with the
presupposition that the supernatural is not possible or at best not likely. Turning from God and direct revelation in the
Bible, man will seek naturalistic, rational answers to the problem of origins.
V. EVOLUTIONARY THEORIES OF THE ORIGIN OF THE EARTH
A. Nebular Theory. The material forming the sun and the
planets was in the form of a hot rotating mass, and that gases flung out from
the middle of this rotating mass in the form of rings, split up and cooled,
giving rise to various planets of the solar system.
B. Wandering Stars Theory. Wandering stars in the universe pinched away masses of gas,
which cooled and became planets.
C. Steady State Theory. Infinite numbers of atoms are being formed out in space. As
matter is created, it begins to form clouds; these then condense into planets,
stars, galaxies and galaxial clusters. The clusters recede from all other
clusters and finally pass beyond the limit of observation. Thus creation is
continual and perpetual in the universe. Planet earth was just one of the
D. “Big Bang” Theory. According to George Gamow, the universe started from a highly
condensed core of protons and neutrons which exploded
in a big bang about five billion years ago. The earth and its solar system was
part of the big bang.
VI. OBJECTIONS TO THE EVOLUTIONARY THEORY OF THE ORIGIN OF THE
A. Eternal Matter.
No evolutionary theory on cosmogony is able to explain how the original
material came into being. They must say that matter is eternal. This gap in our
knowledge will ever remain, for true science cannot deal in the area of
origins. Philosophy may speculate based on apparent facts of science, but even
philosophy cannot be dogmatic. Atheistic evolutionists tell us that matter is
eternal but there is no scientific evidence to prove that something came out of
B. Contradicts Science. Evolution contradicts the basic laws of thermodynamics (the
science that treats of the mechanical actions or relations of heat energy in
relation to other forms of energy). The specific law broken is the first law
of thermodynamics, which is called the conservation of matter and energy
principle, and it states that nothing is now being either created or destroyed.
Or to put it another way, today nothing can be created directly apart from preexisting
materials and present processes cannot be processes of creation.
Atheistic evolution states that the universe and the earth just happened
by accident; that it was by pure chance that the world came into
existence. The formula of the
evolutionists is eternal matter plus time plus chance equals a well-ordered
universe. Yet this formula in reality is contradictory to all known
observable science. NOTE: It takes more faith to be an evolutionist than it
does to be a creationist!
D. Rejection of Supernatural. Atheistic evolution rejects direct creation
as a possible explanation of origins because it accepts arbitrarily the
presupposition that supernatural phenomena does not exist. He must explain
the universe by human reasoning if he rejects the concept that God exists.
NOTE: Perhaps one of the big “hang ups” of the evolutionist is the concept of
God. For if God exists, then all men must be directly responsible to Him (cf.
VII. THEISTIC EVOLUTION. Proponents of this view hold that
evolution was God’s method of creating the world and life. Theistic evolution
is held by some scientists and by a great many religious scholars who are
embarrassed by the confident claims of unbelieving scientists. Vos states,
If one is going to be an evolutionist, no doubt it is
better to be a theistic one than an atheistic one. But it is questionable
whether theistic evolution can be regarded as a consistent form of the
evolution hypothesis, and whether it can really be reconciled with the divine
truth of the first three chapters of Genesis. (Johannes. G. Vox, Surrender
Evolution: Inevitable or Inexcusable?)
VIII. OBJECTIONS TO THEISTIC EVOLUTION. (1) The Bible speaks of immediate
creations not creation over long periods of time; (2) Theistic evolutionists
are forced to take much of the first three chapters of Genesis as figurative,
poetical or mythological language in order to make it fit their system; (3) The
various evolutionary theories on the origin of the world are not consistent
with the biblical account;
(4) The theistic
evolutionists may explain the origin of the world in a satisfactory manner but
they have great problems when it comes to animals and man; and (5) This theory
destroys the distinction between creation and providence, for it holds that God
created things by means of a providential process. Zimmerman makes a good point when he says,
Some people believe that evolution is God’s method of
creating. They believe in Christ as God and Redeemer. Many do this. But such a
position is based on a highly questionable method of Scriptural interpretation.
(Paul A. Zimmerman, A Brief Catechism on the Theory of Evolution)